Stravinskyâ€™s Rite of Spring, also commonly referred to by its original French title, â€œLe Sacre du Printempsâ€ is a ballet piece that was commissioned by Les Ballet Russe maestro Serge Diaghilev. The music’s innovative complex rhythmic structures, timbres, and use of dissonance have made it a seminal 20th century composition. Premiered at the Theatre des Champs-Elysee in Paris in May 1913, the premiere involved one of the most famous classical music riots in history. The intensely rhythmic score and primitive scenario shocked audiences more accustomed to the demure conventions of classical ballet, and the audience went on the rampage. Composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein has said of one passage, “That page is sixty years old, but it’s never been topped for sophisticated handling of primitive rhythms…”, and of the work as a whole, “…it’s also got the best dissonances anyone ever thought upâ€.